By T. Douglas Price
"Although occupied basically quite in brief within the lengthy span of global prehistory, Scandinavia is a unprecedented laboratory for investigating prior human societies. the world was once basically unoccupied until eventually the top of the final Ice Age while the melting of massive ice sheets left in the back of a clean, barren land floor, which was once ultimately coated through natural world. the 1st people didn't arrive until eventually someday after 13,500 BCE. The prehistoric continues to be of human task in Scandinavia--much of it remarkably preserved in its toilets, lakes, and fjords--have given archaeologists a richly distinctive portrait of the evolution of human society. during this booklet, Doug fee offers an archaeological heritage of Scandinavia--a land mass comprising the fashionable international locations of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway-from the coming of the 1st people after the final Ice Age to the tip of the Viking interval, ca. advert 1050. built equally to the author's prior e-book, Europe prior to Rome, historic Scandinavia offers overviews of every prehistoric epoch via designated, illustrative examples from the archaeological checklist. An engrossing and complete photo emerges of swap around the millennia, as human society evolves from small bands of hunter--gatherers to massive farming groups to the advanced warrior cultures of the Bronze and Iron a while, which culminated within the remarkable upward push of the Vikings. the fabric facts of those prior societies--arrowheads from reindeer hunts, megalithic tombs, rock artwork, superbly wrought weaponry, Viking warships--give shiny testimony to the traditional people who as soon as known as domestic this usually unforgiving fringe of the inhabitable world"--
"This ebook is set the prehistory of Scandinavia, from the 1st population to their Viking descendants. Scandinavia during this examine contains the trendy international locations of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway. the 1st bankruptcy presents frameworks for realizing the prehistory of Scandinavia, focusing on position, time, and archaeology. the following chapters are equipped through the main archeological divisions of the time among the arriving of the 1st population, someday after 13,500 BC, and the top of the Viking interval, ca. advert 1050, from the top of the Pleistocene, to the early Neolithic, to the Vikings. The archaeology of this quarter presents a superb point of view at the improvement of human society. it is a type of laboratory for the evolution of human tradition that permits us to check specified proof approximately prior adjustments in human society and to invite questions on what happened in this technique. Human teams in Scandinavia developed from small bands of migratory hunters to village farmers, metal-using tribes, and early states in approximately 10,000 years. whereas the point of interest of this quantity is on Scandinavia, what has been realized there has implications throughout a much wider set of archaeological questions: how do people colonize new areas, how do hunter-gatherers adapt to tough environments, how do people take care of dramatic adjustments of their surroundings, how very important used to be the ocean for hunter-gatherers, why did foragers turn into farmers, what have been the implications of farming, how did hierarchical social relationships increase, how did early states function? perception on those questions in Scandinavia sheds mild in different places within the prehistoric world"-- Read more...
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Additional info for Ancient Scandinavia : an archaeological history from the first humans to the Vikings
This rebounding process continues. The mass of glacial ice around the globe incorporated a substantial portion of the earth’s water, captured from the oceans. During the time of maximum cold and huge continental ice sheets, sea level was reduced as much as 120 m (almost 400′) or more, completely changing the outlines of the continents and often creating connections between former islands and separate land masses. The coastline of northern Europe was dramatically changed during times of lower sea level.
This archaeological framework is centered on southern Scandinavia. Northern Scandinavia has a somewhat different chronology, because certain changes came more slowly or did not appear at all. For example, agriculture was not possible outside the limits of cultivation, so that a true Neolithic never arrived in most of the north. More details on these events and on the terminology will be provided in subsequent chapters. The chronology of past human activity in northern Europe is known in some depth, based on distinctive changes in artifact styles, radiocarbon dating, pollen analysis, and changes in sea level.
True villages emerge in the Iron Age, along with more powerful political leaders who direct economic, military, and religious activities. Distinct groups or classes can be noted in society—warriors, craftspeople, artists, perhaps shamans, or priests. More changes in the landscape are visible—walls, roads, fortresses, canals, bridges—as well as more large burial mounds and ship graves. The Viking period is the most recent and best known of Scandinavia’s deep preand protohistory. The Vikings are highly visible, recorded in history, a fascinating story of the expansion of people from Scandinavia conquering distant places, colonizing new lands, and exploring much of the European continent.
Ancient Scandinavia : an archaeological history from the first humans to the Vikings by T. Douglas Price