By Eric M. Meyers, Mark A. Chancey
Drawing at the latest, groundbreaking archaeological learn, Eric M. Meyers and Mark A. Chancey re-narrate the background of historical Palestine during this richly illustrated and expertly built-in book. Spanning from the conquest of Alexander the nice within the fourth century BCE until eventually the reign of the Roman emperor Constantine within the fourth century CE, they synthesize archaeological facts with historical literary resources (including the Bible) to provide a sustained evaluate of the tumultuous highbrow and spiritual alterations that impacted global historical past through the Greco-Roman period.
The authors reveal how the transformation of the traditional close to East lower than the impression of the Greeks after which the Romans ended in foundational adjustments in either the fabric and highbrow worlds of the Levant. Palestine's subjection to Hellenistic kingdoms, its rule by way of the Hasmonean and Herodian dynasties, the 2 disastrous Jewish revolts opposed to Rome, and its complete incorporation into the Roman Empire offer a heritage for the emergence of Christianity. The authors realize within the archaeological checklist how Judaism and Christianity have been almost undistinguishable for hundreds of years, until eventually the increase of imperial Christianity with Emperor Constantine.
The in basic terms book-length evaluation on hand that specializes in the archaeology of Palestine during this interval, this complete and powerfully illuminating paintings sheds new mild at the lands of the Bible.
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Extra resources for Alexander to Constantine: Archaeology of the Land of the Bible, Volume III
10). Although Josephus claims that Aristobulus conquered the territory of the Itureans, an Arab tribe dwelling in the vicinity of Mount Hermon, Mount Lebanon, and AntiLebanon, excavations in those areas have found no hint of conﬂict or 33 34 the advent of hellenism cultural change. To the contrary, Iturean habitation appears to have continued steadily and within a few decades Iturean coinage appeared. Although Aristobulus’s Iturean campaign has sometimes been associated with the Hasmonean annexation of Galilee, this linkage now appears questionable.
54 The tombs of Benei Hezir and Jason were hardly alone. Josephus’s frequent references to the tomb of the “High Priest John” sug- Fig. 15. com) 42 the advent of hellenism Fig. 16. 169). Funerary structures like these are forerunners of later monuments such as the recently discovered tomb at Herodium that likely served as the burial spot of King Herod, the Tomb of the Kings north of the Damascus Gate, and the Tomb of Absalom and Tomb of Zechariah in the Kidron Valley (ﬁg. 16). 344; Ant. 91), later construction has hidden whatever remains of them.
Simon’s refusal to pay tribute to the Seleucid king Antiochus Sidetes VII prompted the latter to invade. Antiochus’s forces waged war not only on the Hasmoneans but also on the Seleucid rival Tryphon (1 Macc 15:10–14, 25, 40∫ ). , his son John Hyrcanus inherited a tense situation. Antiochus’s forces eventually besieged Jerusalem (Ant. e. 33 With the decrease of the Seleucid threat at Antiochus’s demise, Hyrcanus initiated a series of campaigns to increase his territory. Josephus provides a long list of conquered cities and regions: Madaba across the Jordan; Mareshah and Adora in Idumea; Scythopolis (Beth Shean) on the southern border of Galilee; Mount Gerizim, Shechem, and the city of Samaria (Ant.
Alexander to Constantine: Archaeology of the Land of the Bible, Volume III by Eric M. Meyers, Mark A. Chancey