By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Manufacturing and Engineering Design, Committee on Advanced Energetic Materials and Manufacturing Technologies
Complex lively fabrics - explosive fill and propellants - are a severe expertise for nationwide protection. whereas numerous new promising thoughts and formulations have emerged in recent times, the dep. of protection is anxious concerning the nation's skill to keep up and enhance the data base during this region. to help in addressing those issues, places of work inside DOD requested the NRC to enquire and determine the scope and well-being of the U.S. R&D efforts in full of life fabrics. This file presents that evaluation. It provides numerous findings in regards to the present R&D attempt and suggestions geared toward enhancing U.S. features in constructing new lively fabrics know-how. This learn reviewed U.S. examine and improvement in complex energetics being carried out by means of DoD, the DoE nationwide laboratories, industries, and academia, from an inventory supplied by way of the sponsors. It additionally: reviewed papers and expertise checks of non-U.S. paintings in complicated energetics, assessed vital parameters, corresponding to validity, viability, and the possibility that every of those fabrics will be produced in volume; pointed out boundaries to scale-up and construction, and prompt technical techniques for addressing capability difficulties; and, advised particular possibilities, recommendations, and priorities for presidency sponsorship of applied sciences and production procedure improvement.
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Extra resources for Advanced Energetic Materials
While this propellant shows improvement in the environmental area, it does not provide any added performance. L. Simmons and B. Beat-Volgelsanger. 2000. Introduction to NitroChemie EI Gun Propellant. , November. CPIA Publication 701:201-205. TLFeBOOK 30 ADVANCED ENERGETIC MATERIALS ADVANCED GUN PROPELLANT RESEARCH The challenge with respect to propellants research and development is to enhance propellant performance significantly, while taking into account such objectives as reduced gun tube wear, lower flame temperatures of propellants, and "soft launch" capability for smart munitions, among other attributes.
3 funding is being used to better package old technologies. As a result of this lack of funding and focus, the workforce and the facilities for gun propellants continue to age. If this trend persists, technological innovations will be severely hampered and the recruitment of the brighter minds in the field will be difficult. Specific technical recommendations of the committee are as follows: 12 The development of high-energy layered propellants with a focus on vulnerability and producibility should be continued.
The most important of these ingredients include nitrocellulose, nitroguanidine, nitroglycerin, and other nitrate esters. No propellants using new energetic molecules have been fielded. What has improved during this time period is the processing, formulation, and manufacturing of widely used, legacy molecules. Examples of uses for these materials are shown in Table 6-1. 60 SOURCE: N. Eldredge, Picatinny Arsenal, 2001. Presentation to the committee. December 13. S. propellants have compositions and performance characteristics very similar to those of the formulations listed in Table 6-1.
Advanced Energetic Materials by National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Manufacturing and Engineering Design, Committee on Advanced Energetic Materials and Manufacturing Technologies