By Sarah Ashwin
Fiscal reform in post-Soviet Russia created not just a devastating decline in residing criteria, but additionally frequent lack of confidence and uncertainty. This booklet is the 1st to examine the location from a gendered viewpoint, laying off new mild at the manner during which Russians are dealing with the transformation of the labour industry. The ebook examines gender variations in responses to monetary reform, and considers the results of those for the labour marketplace results and wider health and wellbeing of guys and girls in the course of transition. in response to unique examine performed by way of an skilled staff of sociologists, the booklet analyses the trips of 240 women and men throughout the turbulent Russian labour industry of 1999-2001. It contains chapters on: *the means gender norms inherited from the Soviet period have encouraged responses to transition *sex segregation and discrimination within the labour industry *gender modifications in paintings orientations and behavior *who advantages from networks *which lifestyles occasions are probably to start up downward monetary trajectories.
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Extra resources for Adapting to Russia's New Labour Market Gender and Employment Strategy (Routledgecurzon History of Russia and Eastern Europe)
Women should take primary responsibility for the household, and men should ‘help’ in particular by performing masculine tasks. Mothers are not expected to withdraw from the labour market permanently, and working mothers are not subject to social sanction. Gender ideologies in practice What are the implications for our respondents of the norms outlined above? How do they influence their employment behaviour, and impact on their lives? The following sections consider this, looking first at men, and then at women.
In addition, the analysis highlights a particular set of problems faced by men which will be picked up in later chapters. First, as discussed in Chapter 4, many men with a professional orientation to work, like Leonid and Dimitri, find it very difficult to cope when circumstances prevent them from continuing in their chosen line of work. Second, as will be seen in Chapter 2, the experience of Vladimir, Ilya, Sasha and Alexei, who were divorced by their wives in the wake of unemployment or poverty, is far from unique.
20 The male mean monthly income was 3,357 roubles as compared with 2,287 for women. These means are based on the full sample at stage four. 21 State statistics on employment in different sectors (by property type) are not divided by gender. 22 The ILO definition used by most labour force surveys, including that in Russia, is that a person is considered to be employed if they have done at least one hour of paid work during the reference week, or have been away from work. Dealing with devastation in Russia: men and women compared 27 23 The premium in hourly wages showed a similar increase for women, but not for men (Katz, 2001:230).
Adapting to Russia's New Labour Market Gender and Employment Strategy (Routledgecurzon History of Russia and Eastern Europe) by Sarah Ashwin