By C. N. Hill
A Vertical Empire offers an outline of the British rocketry and area programme from the Fifties to Seventies, detailing the Medium diversity Ballistic Missile Blue Streak and its conversion to a satellite tv for pc launcher as a part of the eu Launcher improvement business enterprise (ELDO). This widely revised moment variation comprises fabric in basic terms made on hand some time past ten years and the textual content is supplemented through quite a few images, sketches and information. The all-British satellite tv for pc Black Arrow is defined, in addition to the learn rocket Black Knight, the Blue metal missile and the rocket powered interceptor plane.
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Extra resources for A Vertical Empire: History of the British Rocketry Programme
56 A Vertical Empire It is interesting to compare Stonechat to the Algol 1 motor (first flown in 1960), which was used as the first stage of the original Polaris missile and also as the first stage of the Scout satellite launcher. Figure 24. The Stonechat 36-inch solid fuel motor. 7 for Stonechat. 7. The weight saving was achieved by using a fibreglass casing. Several 17-inch motors derived from a motor called Smoky Joe, so named from the plume it produced when burning. These include the Albatross, Cuckoo, Goldfinch, Raven and Rook.
A Gamma 201 motor for Black Knight being test fired at the Armstrong Siddeley test site, Ansty. : Standard Gamma Sea level SI Vacuum SI 217 251 Larch 226 269 The new chamber (Figure 11), would also have been slightly lighter. Replacing the existing Gamma chamber in Black Arrow with the new improved version meant that the vehicle could be stretched. As a consequence, the payload could be increased from 232 lb in polar orbit to 375 lb. Despite the time and money that had been spent on the development, it was not taken further.
Thus if the Blue Streak motors could provide a total thrust of 300,000 lb, its maximum lift-off weight would be around 230,000 lb. If Blue Streak itself weighs 183,000 lb, then 47,000 lb is left for the upper stages and payload, only around 25%. A satellite launcher usually consists of three stages, and as each stage burns out, it is discarded. To make this staging as efficient as possible, the first stage should be around a half or two thirds of the total. Blue Streak was 30 A Vertical Empire designed as a ballistic missile, and so was not as efficient a satellite launcher as it might have been.
A Vertical Empire: History of the British Rocketry Programme by C. N. Hill