By Elly van Gelderen
This publication brings jointly a couple of likely unique phenomena within the heritage of English: the advent of precise reflexive pronouns (e.g. myself), the lack of verbal contract and pro-drop, and the disappearance of morphological Case. It offers enormous numbers of examples from previous and heart English texts exhibiting someone break up among first, moment, and 3rd individual pronouns. Extending an research by Reinhart & Reuland, the writer argues that the 'strength' of convinced pronominal beneficial properties (Case, individual, quantity) differs cross-linguistically and that parametric edition debts for the. Read more...
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Additional resources for A history of English reflexive pronouns : person, self, and interpretability
Kornﬁlt (1991) argues that Old Turkish lacks a D and Philippi (1997) argues that indeﬁnites do not have a DP in Early Germanic. The position of adjectives is controversial as well: should the adjective appear in SpecNP or as a separate FC? In Old English (and Modern German, Dutch, Swedish, to name but a few), adjectives have either deﬁnite or indeﬁnite endings depending on whether or not they are preceded by no 24 INTRODUCTION article or a deﬁnite one. The structure could therefore be as in (43), with the adjective moving to D if there is no article or if the article is indeﬁnite: (43) DP D NP A grimne ﬁerce N gripe attack ‘the ﬁerce attack’ (Beowulf, l.
2)). “Early, too, was the use of pronoun + self after prepositions” (cf. (3)); “[i]t seems, however, to have taken some time before self was added to the reﬂexive pronouns me(c), þe, eow, us, him, hie, hine, etc” (cf. g. Beowulf, Cædmon’s Hymn, Genesis, Exodus, Christ & Satan, Deor, Juliana”. Visser (1963: 420) mentions that by the time of King Alfred, the reﬂexive is often followed by ‘self’. ’ (Visser 1963: 423) However, as I will show below, the use of ‘self’ added to a reﬂexive accusative pronoun is perhaps earlier than Visser states.
Cases of ‘self’ modifying ﬁrst and second person reﬂexives also occur. They are listed as (87) to (92). ’ 8. Both Krapp & Dobbie (1936) and Mackie (1934) mention that mec occurs in the manuscript. They have ‘corrected’ it to me in the edition. ’ In conclusion, the possibly reﬂexive use of ‘self’ in Junius and Exeter diﬀers in that in the latter manuscript ‘self’ can reinforce a reﬂexive pronoun in direct object as well as in prepositional object position. Another diﬀerence is that the specially marked accusative (mec) can be used reﬂexively, presumably because it is still a regularly used form, unlike in Beowulf.
A history of English reflexive pronouns : person, self, and interpretability by Elly van Gelderen