Download PDF by John F. Marszalek: A Black Congressman in the Age of Jim Crow: South Carolina's

By John F. Marszalek

ISBN-10: 0813030021

ISBN-13: 9780813030029

Born a slave in 1850s South Carolina and elected to Congress within the Nineties, George W. Murray seemed to be the antithesis of the African American male within the Jim Crow South and served as a beacon for African american citizens who observed their hopes beaten within the aftermath of the Civil warfare. Early within the 20th century, despite the fact that, tragically defeated by way of corrupt Reconstruction politics and white supremacist attitudes he couldn't break out, Murray used to be pushed from workplace and from the nation. Drawing on large learn to reconstruct Murray’s lifestyles tale, Marszalek defines an age and its humans in the course of the compelling conflict of 1 guy and indicates how and why the nation’s efforts to reconstruct the South right into a biracial democracy failed.
            Murray’s profession, which spanned 1 / 4 of a century, integrated phrases within the U.S. condominium of Representatives and management of South Carolina’s Republican get together. He used to be an investor in addition to a landed house owner who offered tracts to terrible blacks to ensure that them to qualify to vote. yet by means of the start of the 20 th century, along with his social gathering in shambles, he came across himself on trial for alleged forgery in a land take care of of his black land dealers. Murray used to be chanced on responsible, and the South Carolina perfect courtroom upheld the decision. Sentenced to demanding exertions on a series gang, he escaped to Chicago the place he spent the remainder of his existence in obscurity.

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A. Webster. In a time of political party turmoil in both parties, this achievement of unity made Murray look good indeed. Unfortunately, the Sumter unity was not duplicated at the state convention. m. that evening. Even then, the convention’s organization had not been decided. Just like the split Democrats, the Republicans disagreed not over policy but over personality. The dispute centered on the alleged corruption and incompetence of Brayton’s leadership and whether or not a change was required.

The simultaneous development of Democratic intra-party factionalism of the worst kind was an important reason why there was no favorable response to black appeals. In January 1890, Benjamin R. Tillman’s Farmers Association issued its “Shell Manifesto,” scheduling a March meeting for the purpose of capturing the later Democratic Party state convention. 8 Every state with a large agricultural population was in turmoil, as the Alliance movement and the later Populist Party attempted to organize farmers to try to solve their economic problems.

Blacks became Republicans, but only a limited number of southern whites joined them. 38 National Republicans had tried to compromise with southern Democrats in 1876. They had ceased contesting white Democratic control of southern state political life in return for southern acquiescence in Rutherford B. Hayes’s election to the presidency and a promise of fairness to black voters. Persuasion, not continued military force, would settle the turmoil in the South, national From Slavery to Public Life / 15 Republicans believed.

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A Black Congressman in the Age of Jim Crow: South Carolina's George Washington Murray by John F. Marszalek

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